Written in EnglishRead online
|Statement||Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, Sumati Kulkarni.|
|Contributions||Kulakarṇī, Sumati Paṇḍita, 1931-|
|LC Classifications||Microfiche 90/60363 (H)|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||142|
|LC Control Number||90903701|
Download The economic value of children and fertility behaviour
Caldwell's theory of wealth flows proposes that fertility behavior is rational decision-making by parents. The theory predicts that in high-fertility contexts, parental wealth is increased by having more children.
In those contexts, children work at young ages (Caldwell, b) and care for elderly or sick parents in adulthood (Caldwell, ). analyze fertility within a choice-theoretic framework: (1) Childbearing and child rearing are nonmarket activities in which there are few trans-action prices to provide information to the outside observer about the cost of children to suppliers or the value of children to suppliers.
Parents are both demanders and suppliers of by: from book Marriage and fertility behaviour in Japan: Economic status and value-orientation (pp) Chapter January with Reads How we measure 'reads'. tility, the economic value of the time of women is a major factor affecting fertility. I shall first present a brief economic perspective of the value of children and I shall then consider broadly the effects of the high price of human time on the number and quality of children and Cited by: VALUES AND DEMOGRAPHIC BEHAVIORThe use of values to explain demographic behavior, or change The economic value of children and fertility behaviour book behavior, has been controversial among demographers.
Some argue that individual behavior is driven by values. This position considers values to be an essential part of the micro-level processes that connect macro forces with individual action. Thus behavior cannot adequately be explained without.
The Value of Children (VOC) questionnaire has been widely used to measure the value of children, that is, the reasons for wanting to have a child and expected benefits from becoming a : Bernhard Nauck.
Abstract. This chapter is divided into two main parts. The first part of the chapter is dedicated to examining the influence of ideational factors on fertility behaviour; we will analyse the impact of childbirth on couples’ attitudes in the second part of the : Nobutaka Fukuda.
desired number of children in Ireland was about 3, while the actual fertility rate in that country was slightly less than 2 children per woman.
Similarly, in Austria the ideal number of children was only about 2, yet the actual fertility rate was even lower at about (OECD a).Cited by: This monograph examines the influence of ideational and socio-economic factors on Japanese marriage and fertility behaviour.
It also investigates the historical change in attitudes toward partnership and family in Japan, which, if current trends continue, can lead to population shrinkage and an asymmetrical age Edition: Softcover Reprint of The Original 1st Ed.
The book concludes that fertility behaviour is value-driven, but that fertility change is not necessarily driven by value change. The values of most significance to fertility are The economic value of children and fertility behaviour book fundamental and general values, rather than explicit 'fertility values'.
3 The Economic Contribution of Minor Children. Wealth flows theory has been tested in several ways. Some tests are designed to determine if changes in the economic roles of children are associated with changes in fertility. Several researchers have. Since his pioneering application of economic analysis to racial discrimination, Gary S.
Becker has shown that an economic approach can provide a unified framework for understanding all human behavior. In a highly readable selection of essays Becker applies this approach to various aspects of human activity, including social interactions; crime and punishment; marriage, fertility, and the.
Downloadable. This paper intends to make a two-fold contribution to the literature. First, it studies a political economy model of family taxation using a household economics approach to behaviour; the nature of the winning policy is found to depend on whether i) the parents control their fertility or not, ii) they value their children or not.
Fertility is the natural capability to produce offspring. As a measure, fertility rate is the number of offspring born per mating pair, individual or population.
Fertility differs from fecundity, which is defined as the potential for reproduction (influenced by gamete production, fertilization and carrying a pregnancy to term) .A lack of fertility is infertility while a lack.
Get this from a library. A Study on the relationship between fertility behaviour and size, structure and functions of the family. Country report of Japan. [United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.;] -- ByJapan's crude birth rate had dropped to 13/ The possible causes of this new low fertility pattern include 1) an economic slowdown triggered by the.
Fertility factors are determinants of the number of children that an individual is likely to ity factors are mostly positive or negative correlations without certain causations. Factors generally associated with increased fertility include the intention to have children, very high gender equality, religiosity, inter-generational transmission of values, marriage and war, maternal.
Get this from a library. Report and papers of the Expert Group Meeting on Social and Psychological Aspects of Fertility Behaviour, Bangkok, June, [United Nations.
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.;] -- Included in this report of the Expert Group Meeting convened by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific in Bangkok, June.
Thereafter, the influence of economic and ideational factors on marriage behaviour will be examined, followed by an explanation of data and methods used in this analysis. Finally, we will examine the influence of marriage on attitudes towards partnership and family : Nobutaka Fukuda.
Author(s): Jejeebhoy,S J; Kulkarni,S Title(s): The economic value of children and fertility behaviour: a cross-sectional analysis in Maharashtra/ S.J. Jejeebhoy. Family economics applies economic concepts such as production, division of labor, distribution, and decision making to the study of the tries to explain outcomes unique to family—such as marriage, the decision to have children, fertility, polygamy, time devoted to domestic production, and dowry payments using economic analysis.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the influence of social and economic classes on consumer behaviour. Meaning and Definition of Social Class: Consumer behaviour is influenced by environment in which one lives.
The decision process is affected by a number of factors such as culture, social class, personal influences, family, religion, region he [ ]. Behaviour genetics: an unsuitable model for fertility theory Fertility Behaviour in Biodemographic Perspective ”. The recommendations of the the economic viability of the family and, in some countries, on the sex of the child.
For example, most western democracies have compulsory education. Wealth and Economic Development and their influences on fertility and mortality rates UWI Mona 10/22/ Economic development is a phenomenon that has been discussed, debated about over the years, however; a conclusive process has not been developed as to how it can be attained.
The main goal of economic development is improving the economic. Partha Dasgupta 1 INTRODUCTION In order to understand fertility behaviour, economic demographers have presumed that parents regard children as both ends and means.
Children are ends in all cultures: we are genetically endowed to want and to value by: 1. In their theories of fertility, since the early s, economists, utilising various concepts of economics, viewed fertility performance simply as ‘economic behaviour’, a rational ‘economic response’ and the sociological significance of reproduction was not included in.
99 Value Change and Demographic Behaviour in the Czech Republic* LADISLAV RABUŠIC** School of Social Studies, Masaryk University, Brno Abstract: The deep structural changes witnessed in the Czech Republic in the past decade, that is, the establishment of a democratic political regime and market econ-Cited by: The global transformation in the number of children women bear has been one of the most remarkable changes in social behaviour in the twentieth century.
The search for explanations of the causes in childbearing behaviour, and particularly in the values attached to children, remains a central research preoccupation of population scientists. This book explores the dimensions of values identified.
Book Review: Population Policy and Reproduction in Singapore: Making Future citizens Monde Makiwane are relevant to understanding current fertility behaviour among their children are competitive and are likely to add value to their children as much as.
Ageing Economics: Human Capital, Productivity and Fertility 7 responds positively and significantly to variations in parental income across households. Changes in fertility and schooling in Indian farm households, further supports a quality-quantity trade-off.
1. Introduction. Human fertility is highly variable (figure 1). 1 The highest recorded fertility for any population in human history belongs to the Hutterites, a North American Anabaptist religious sect where, in the early twentieth century, married women managed a remarkable average of almost 11 children each .This contrasts with recent fertility rates approaching just one child per women Cited by: The onset of England and Wales’, indeed much of Europe’s, fertility transition has been dated by demographers to somewhere in the s (Figure 1) or a bit later (Chesnais,table ).The decline in the total fertility rate (TFR) that we see in the upper panel of Figure 1 was accompanied by a decline in net fertility (lower panel).).
Fertility did decline earlier in the nineteenth Cited by: 6. Basu, K. “Gender and Say: A Model of Household Behaviour with Endogenously Determined Balance of Power.” Economic Journal – Becker, G.
“An Economic Analysis of Fertility,” in Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries, edited by Universities National Bureau, – New York: Columbia Author: Emin Gahramanov.
The paper "Patterns of Fertility in Australia over the Last 50 Years" is a great example of a case study on geography. Social, cultural, health and economic factors have been known to affect fertility patterns. Fertility patterns throughout the world can be seen through two divisions of. The economic theory of fertility suggests an incentive effect: more educated women have higher opportunity costs of bearing children in terms of lost income.
The household bargaining model suggests that more educated women are better able to support themselves and have more bargaining power, including on family size. WOMEN'S STATUS AND DEMOGRAPHIC BEHAVIORResearch on many aspects of population change in the contemporary world has highlighted the significance of relationships between women's status and demographic behavior.
In particular, knowledge of these relationships has been important in understanding demographic transition, increasing the complexity of the classical depiction in which.
Bulatao, R.A. ‘The transition in the value of children and the fertility transition’. in: C. Höhn and R. Mackensen (Eds), Determinants of Fertility Trends: Theories Re-examined, Ordina Editions, Liège [Discusses all aspects of the value of children to parents] Caldwell, J.C.
• Declining fertility. The world’s total fertility rate – that is, the number of children born per woman – fell from 5 children per woman in to roughly today, and is projected to drop to about 2 by Most of this decline has occurred in the developing world, where the share of children.
expected direction-—education influencing fertility—actually be identified. Through what mechanisms does it operate. In cross-country analyses, a generally consistent inverse relationship appears: women with more schooling have lower fertility than those with less (Adamchack and Ntseane, ; Ainsworth et al., ; Castro Martín, ; United Nations, ; Jejeebhoy, ).
1 The. Introduction Abortion is a common feature of people’s reproductive lives. However, the economic implications of abortion and policies affecting abortion provision are poorly understood.
This scoping review aims to systematically review social science literature for studies that have investigated the impact of abortion care (ie, un/safe abortion, post-abortion care) or abortion policies on Cited by: 1. Total fertility rate: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.
The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate. The purpose of this paper is to fill this gap in the literature by conducting a multi-country VECM 4 analysis of all three variables: fertility, inequality and productivity, using annual time series data for five OECD countries: UK, USA, Japan, Sweden, and Australia.
These countries are representative of the range of demographic profiles, productivity outcomes, and income distributions found Cited by: System: Woman's Status and Fertility Decision Making'.Contents: Preface • List of Tables • List of Figures • List of Maps • CHAPTER: Introduction • Methodology • The Study Area and its People • Demographic Description and Fertility Differentials • Family Type and its Relationship with Fertility • The Family Planning Programme in the Research Area • Fertility and Family.Nauck, Bernhard ().
“Value of Children and the Framing of Fertility: Results from a Cross-Cultural Comparative Survey in 10 Societies.” European Sociological Review, 23, 5: Nauck, Bernhard (). The Changing Value of Children - A Special Action Theory of Fertility Behavior and Intergenerational Relationships in Cross-CulturalCited by: